Hindi

Hindi Language: History and Use

The Hindi language is spoken by about 545 million speakers, 425 million of whom are native speakers. It is an Indo-Aryan language that is used as the main language in the northern states of India such as Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Bihar. It is spoken in much of north and central India alongside other languages such as Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi or Bengali.

The Hindi language is also spoken in countries outside India like Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan, South Africa, Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago. In the United States, there are more than 643,337 according to the statistics, making it one of the most vastly used languages there.

Hindi is the preferred language of India, although the other languages of the states are used as well. Additionally, English is the second official language used in the parliament, in the judiciary, in communications between the central government and state government, and for other official purposes.

Relation to Other Languages

Hindi as a language is similar to Urdu the official language of Pakistan. Urdu is written with the Arabic script, however, it is considered that Standard Hindi and Standard Urdu are different formal registers both derived from the Khari Boli dialect, which is also known as Hindustani. It is interesting to mention that besides their vocabulary differences – Hindi having more vocabulary from Sanskrit, while Urdu contains more vocabulary from Persian – at an informal spoken level there are few significant differences between Urdu and Hindi and they could be considered varieties of a single language.

The Hindi Script

For the writing of the language, Hindi uses the Devanagari script. When it first started being used during the 4th century AD it was written with the Brahmi script. However, in time the language evolved and ever since the 11th century AD, it has been written with the Devanagari alphabet. Each letter of the Hindi alphabet has its own independent and distinct sound. As a result, Hindi words are pronounced exactly as they are written, making the Hindi language easy to learn.

Although greatly influenced by the Sanskrit, the Modern standard Hindi evolved from the interaction of early speakers of Khari Boli with Muslim invaders from Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, Central Asia, and elsewhere. As the new immigrants settled and began to adjust to the Indian social environment, their languages enriched the Khari Boli, language upon which the Hindi is based.

Facts To Know

  • The exchange of words between English and Hindi is mutual. For instance, the words that English has borrowed over the years from Hindi are: avatar, bandanna, bungalow, dinghy, guru, jungle, khaki, karma, loot, mantra, nirvana, punch, pyjamas, sorbet, shampoo, thug, typhoon, and yoga.
  • Hindi is one of the seven languages that can be used to make the web address of websites.
  • The Hindi language is free from the usage of articles. There is no need for Hindi equivalents for ‘a’, ‘an’ & ‘the’ in the language.
  • Every possible sound in the world can easily be written down in Hindi simply making the use of alphabets. This is because of the uniqueness in the pronunciation of the letters in Hindi.

United Language Services brings you the best in professional language translation and interpretation of the Hindi language. From meetings to doctor’s appointments, depositions to court dates, web applications to legal documentation, whatever you need help with, we are here for you.

Hindi Language: History and Use

The Hindi language is spoken by about 545 million speakers, 425 million of whom are native speakers. It is an Indo-Aryan language that is used as the main language in the northern states of India such as Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Bihar. It is spoken in much of north and central India alongside other languages such as Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi or Bengali.

The Hindi language is also spoken in countries outside India like Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan, South Africa, Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago. In the United States, there are more than 643,337 according to the statistics, making it one of the most vastly used languages there.

Hindi is the preferred language of India, although the other languages of the states are used as well. Additionally, English is the second official language used in the parliament, in the judiciary, in communications between the central government and state government, and for other official purposes.

Relation to Other Languages

Hindi as a language is similar to Urdu the official language of Pakistan. Urdu is written with the Arabic script, however, it is considered that Standard Hindi and Standard Urdu are different formal registers both derived from the Khari Boli dialect, which is also known as Hindustani. It is interesting to mention that besides their vocabulary differences – Hindi having more vocabulary from Sanskrit, while Urdu contains more vocabulary from Persian – at an informal spoken level there are few significant differences between Urdu and Hindi and they could be considered varieties of a single language.

The Hindi Script

For the writing of the language, Hindi uses the Devanagari script. When it first started being used during the 4th century AD it was written with the Brahmi script. However, in time the language evolved and ever since the 11th century AD, it has been written with the Devanagari alphabet. Each letter of the Hindi alphabet has its own independent and distinct sound. As a result, Hindi words are pronounced exactly as they are written, making the Hindi language easy to learn.

Although greatly influenced by the Sanskrit, the Modern standard Hindi evolved from the interaction of early speakers of Khari Boli with Muslim invaders from Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, Central Asia, and elsewhere. As the new immigrants settled and began to adjust to the Indian social environment, their languages enriched the Khari Boli, language upon which the Hindi is based.

Facts To Know

  • The exchange of words between English and Hindi is mutual. For instance, the words that English has borrowed over the years from Hindi are: avatar, bandanna, bungalow, dinghy, guru, jungle, khaki, karma, loot, mantra, nirvana, punch, pyjamas, sorbet, shampoo, thug, typhoon, and yoga.
  • Hindi is one of the seven languages that can be used to make the web address of websites.
  • The Hindi language is free from the usage of articles. There is no need for Hindi equivalents for ‘a’, ‘an’ & ‘the’ in the language.
  • Every possible sound in the world can easily be written down in Hindi simply making the use of alphabets. This is because of the uniqueness in the pronunciation of the letters in Hindi.

United Language Services brings you the best in professional language translation and interpretation of the Hindi language. From meetings to doctor’s appointments, depositions to court dates, web applications to legal documentation, whatever you need help with, we are here for you.